Food Safety Management Programs by Debby Newslow [free pdf e books]


  • Full Title : Food Safety Management Programs: Applications, Best Practices, and Compliance
  • Autor: Debby Newslow
  • Print Length: 389 pages
  • Publisher: CRC Press; 1 edition
  • Publication Date: December 20, 2013
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 143982679X
  • ISBN-13: 978-1439826799
  • Download File Format: pdf

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The safety of food products is fundamental. The value of an effective and well-defined, -implemented, and -maintained management system is priceless. When it is integrated into a process, it supplies the necessary foundation and structure to help provide the consumer with a safe product of the highest quality. Food Safety Management Programs: Applications, Best Practices, and Compliance presents the insight and shared experiences that can be applied to the development, implementation, and maintenance of an effective food safety management system.

The text supplies useful tools that can be applied according to the particular needs of an operation, adding value to its processes and aiding in the establishment of a successful management-based food safety system. The author also encourages the development of a quality management system. The text begins by summarizing Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) food safety schemes (eight as of the writing of this text). These include FSSC 22000, Safe Quality Food Code (SQF), British Retail Consortium Global Standard for Food Safety (BRC), International Featured Standards (IFS), Global Aquaculture Alliance (GAA) Seafood Processing Standard, Global Red Meat Standard (GRMS), CanadaGAP, and PrimusGFS. It also lists websites for additional information and updates. Although this text focuses on food safety management systems (FSMS), it also includes references to ISO 9001, along with the quality requirements of some of the food safety management standards. It offers information that can be applied to whichever standard is chosen by an organization.

With insights from experts in a variety of food industry-related sectors, the text explains the requirements of the standards, methods for their integration, and the process for identifying and addressing gaps in a manner that is both compliant and beneficial for the organization. The book provides experience-based information that can be integrated into any operation, which is essential for the development of an efficient, value-added, and sustainable management system.

 

About the Author

Debby Newslow is president and executive director of D.L Newslow & Associates, Inc., located in Orlando, Florida. She is the author of The ISO 9000 Quality System: Applications in Food and Technology, released in February 2001, and the author of an HACCP-based chapter in the 2003 release of the Food Safety Compendium. Debby is an IRCA-approved auditor for ISO 9001, ISO 22000, and FSSC 22000.

Debby’s main interests are assisting food, chemical, and other industries with business system development and maintenance activities. This includes ISO (9000, 14000, 18000, and 22000) compliance, HACCP, SQF, BRC, GMP, Food Hygiene, HACCP Prerequisite Programs, and Crisis Management. Debby is also an American Society of Quality (ASQ) Certified Quality Auditor, Certified HACCP Auditor, Certified Quality Manager, and a Certified Food Manager. Debby has won several awards for her knowledge, dedication, and contributions to the food industry, including the Roy Wilson Sparkle Award presented by the Florida Division of IFT for her contributions to sanitation in the citrus industry, the Bob Olsen Award for her distinguished contributions and service to Florida Section IFT, the Sanitarian of the Year Award from the Florida Association for Food Protection, and the 2013 Food Safety Leadership Award for Training presented by NSF at the May 2013 Food Safety Summit in Baltimore, Maryland.

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d-potatoes husband who won’t even entertain the idea of chicken, or, gasp, fish? Or maybe your family eats pretty healthfully but doesn’t need to lose any weight? There is something for everyone in this book, from picky kids to those with upscale palates. And I haven’t forgotten those with food allergies or eating limitations. Gluten-free recipes are marked ; I’ve also given suggestions on how to adapt various recipes. Vegetarian options are marked with a .

But it’s not all about the recipes. This book is filled with easy-to-understand advice that simplifies healthy eating and cooking. And as a special bonus, I’ve partnered with registered dietitian Heather K. Jones to provide healthy food facts and useful nutritional information, so you can feel good about enjoying the recipes you love.

So step into my kitchen and cook yourself skinny with me!

Salt Solution

All salt is not created equal. Different brands (such as Morton’s or Diamond Crystal) and different types (such as table or kosher) vary not only in sodium content but also in taste. To avoid under- or (even worse) oversalting a recipe from this book, stick with my preferred salt, Diamond Crystal Kosher. Or just go easy with the shaker and adjust as need be.

THE SKINNY BASICS

create a good-for-you kitchen and lifestyle

Be honest with yourself: Aren’t you over all the excuses? What have they done for you, besides keep you from achieving your goals and creating a better life for yourself? By picking up this book, you’ve already taken the first step to end the excuses. Congratulations! You are now officially on the path toward your goals and a healthier life.

I can assure you that every single recipe in this book will help you on your road to a leaner lifestyle. How do I know this? I’ve tested and retested every recipe for accuracy in the Skinnytaste test kitchen, which has a staff of just two, my aunt and me. My aunt is a baker, so she’s accustomed to following a recipe precisely as written. She catches any blunders and she doesn’t overlook small details, so we make the perfect team. (Plus, she lives only minutes away from me.) As you can imagine, testing recipes for a book while also creating new recipes for my blog every day left me with A LOT of extra food at the end of the day. Each afternoon, my aunt and I had a Skinnytaste lunch together, and I would send her home with more food to eat for dinner each night. All this food, and yet there was not a single pound gained. In fact, as the months passed, my aunt dropped 37 pounds and went from a size 12 to a size 4. At first, she thought there might be something wrong, so she went to her doctor to get a full checkup. The good news: Her doctor said she was in the best shape of her life, her cholesterol was great, and she had more energy than ever. Her doctor asked her secret, and she happily told him to visit Skinnytaste.com. I can’t even tell you how great it makes me feel that she is another Skinnytaste success story!

The pages that follow will hopefully make you one, too. I will show you that cooking—even cooking healthy, nutritious food—is quick, easy, and even FUN. It’s time to get back into the kitchen, where you can start improving and refining your healthy cooking skills while you simultaneously make your way back into your skinny jeans. And guess what? It’s not as hard as you think. Here’s how to whittle your waist without skimping on taste, Skinnytaste style.

PLAN AHEAD AND EAT HEALTHY ALL WEEK

Whipping up a week’s worth of light, filling, and family-friendly meals is as easy as one, two, three:

1 Plan your menu for the week.

2 Make a shopping list.

3 Head to the grocery store to shop for all the ingredients you need. You can choose one or two freezer-friendly recipes to make on your day off; these will serve as more than one meal so you can have leftovers for lunch or dinner later in the month.

TAKE CHARGE OF YOUR KITCHEN

The bottom line: When you’re in charge of the cooking, you can control what you eat and what you put into your food. The benefits of home cooking are too many to list, but one that’s worth repeating is the fact that making your own meals and snacks is the easiest way to control the types of ingredients and the amount of calories you consume.

Don’t be intimidated! You don’t have to put together elaborate four-course meals, you don’t have to spend hours in front of the stove, and you don’t have to use recipes that feature ingredients you can’t even pronounce. Just get in the kitchen and start cooking. No matter what your comfort level, these recipes will work for you. And if you make a mistake, it’s okay! That’s the best way to learn. Cut yourself some slack and enjoy the process (and the results)!

DUMP THE JUNK

The road to Skinny isn’t paved with processed food. And yet, supermarket shelves are jam-packed with them. What’s the draw? They may help save a little time and effort, but try to read the label—there will be a long list of ingredients you’ve never even heard of or can’t pronounce. Even the so-called “healthy” foods can be loaded with sodium, calories, sugar, and fat. If that’s what’s in your fridge, freezer, or pantry, the road to Skinny will be a bumpy one.

Having a properly stocked kitchen, on the other hand, can help set you up for weight loss success. (See “A Skinny Kitchen Makeover”.) Whenever a snack attack strikes, you’ll be fully prepared with healthy snacks.

FALL IN LOVE WITH REAL FOOD

My eating philosophy is built on utilizing in-season, whole foods—those that are in their unprocessed and natural state. Whole foods are healthier and there’s no doubt they taste better. Not only that, when you cook with whole foods, you know exactly what you’re putting into your body. Head to your local farmers’ market, check out the organic and produce sections of your neighborhood supermarket, or visit a health food store to stock up on the freshest, tastiest, most nutritious ingredients. Another option, if it’s available in your area: a CSA (community supported agriculture). When you join one, you’ll get a weekly box of fresh produce and other foods delivered from a local farm. It’s a win-win: You’ll be supporting local farmers and you’ll get the opportunity to experiment with new foods. It’s time to reconnect with real food.

KEEP IT SIMPLE

If you’re intimidated by healthy eating, you’re not alone. But there’s no need to stress, because I like to keep things simple. I base my meals largely on nutrient-packed, energy-boosting vegetables, fruits, beans, whole grains, and healthy fats. You’ll eat fish and only modest amounts (if you choose to) of lean meat and dairy products. You’ll also cut back on salt, refined sugars, white flour, and partially hydrogenated oils. That’s it!

FORGET THE FADS

Here’s a Skinny secret: Typical diets don’t work. I’ve tried several diets that either required me to eat the same bland, tasteless food every day or that required me to cut out carbs completely. Sure, those diets may help you lose weight in the short-term, but they very rarely keep the pounds away for good. In fact, more often than not, they lead to dangerous yo-yo dieting, which could permanently damage your relationship with food. To really shrink your waistline—and keep it that way—you must alter your eating habits and lifestyle in a way that’s easy to stick with in the long run.

SERVE UP PERFECT PORTIONS

If you stick to the recipes in this book, your portions will automatically be controlled. Of course, that’s not the case if you’re making a different recipe or you’re dining out.

A good guideline that always helps me at home: Picture a plate divided in half. Fill one half with salad and veggies, one fourth with whole grains, and the last fourth with lean protein. You can mix up your food options at each meal to maximize your nutrient intake and shake things up for your taste buds. Another trick to use at home is to eat on smaller plates; studies show you’ll eat less but you will still feel full.

When you eat out, try to use a few tricks to keep portion sizes under control. For instance, pass on the bread basket (it’s too easy to lose track of slices), order an appetizer as your full meal, split an entrée with a dining companion, or take half the meal home for lunch the next day.

Make Your Calories Count

While all food contains calories, some are better than others at helping your body look and feel its best. In other words, the quality of your calories counts as much as the quantity. These “high-quality calories” come from healthy fats, lean protein, and high-fiber carbohydrates.

While exact calorie needs depend upon a variety of factors (height, weight, activity levels, etc.), an intake of around 1,500 to 1,600 calories per day will lead to a healthy weight loss of about two pounds per week for most women. (For extra help keeping track, use a free calorie counter app, such as myfitnesspal.com.)

An ideal meal combines at least two of these three groups to help you feel full, maintain normal blood sugar levels, stop you from overeating, and promote a healthy glow from the inside out. Create your own meals and snacks by picking foods from at least two of these three categories:

healthy fats

Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats help improve blood cholesterol levels, which reduces your risk of heart disease. Plus, they’re filling, so they contribute to weight control.

TRY: olives, avocados, hummus, peanut butter, hazelnuts, almonds, cashews, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, and olive oil

lean protein

Lean protein is super-satisfying and low in saturated fat, which is a huge help for weight loss and heart health. Protein also provides building material for muscles, and muscles are your friends. In addition to making your body look sexy and sculpted, they burn calories all the time, even when you’re asleep.

TRY: eggs, beans, tofu, edamame, turkey, roast beef, pork tenderloin, 0% Greek yogurt, low-fat milk, nuts and nut butters, seeds, and fish

high-fiber carbohydrates

Fiber is a type of indigestible carbohydrate that slows carbohydrate digestion, blunting the rise in blood sugar and keeping hunger at bay. It’s also linked to reduced risk of heart disease and diabetes.

TRY: oatmeal, nuts and seeds, fruit, beans, peas, whole wheat bread, whole wheat pasta, whole grains (like brown rice, quinoa, and popcorn), and vegetables

PASS ON PERFECTION

Theodore Roosevelt said it best: “Comparison is the thief of joy.” This is my favorite quote, and it can apply to so many facets of life. In this case, I mean the idea of that perfect body. We all come in different shapes and sizes, so try to be the best version of yourself and stop comparing yourself to those perfect magazine models. By the way, I worked for years in photo retouching, where we’d spend hours retouching the models to get that “perfect” look. You would be surprised if you saw the before and after photos. Even the prettiest of models and celebrities have flaws just like you and me.

GIVE YOURSELF A BREAK

Food is my life. I test recipes, write about food, attend food blog conferences, and go on lots of awesome food trips hosted by large brands where I get fed some pretty darn good food. If you think I’m passing up any of these delightful dishes because I’m watching my weight, you’re wrong. I make good choices all week so I can still enjoy a great meal out here and there. Going out to dinner with my husband or enjoying a night out with the girls is one of my favorite things to do. I learn about new flavors and foods, and I get inspiration from those meals. But I still maintain my healthy weight because I factor that in to my life.

So shed that all-or-nothing attitude. Perfection does not equal success when it comes to losing weight or becoming comfortable in the kitchen. Allow yourself some wiggle room and be patient. Remember, you didn’t put on the extra weight overnight.

Also keep in mind that no food is considered off-limits or “bad” when eating the Skinnytaste way. The more you deprive yourself of certain foods, the more you’re going to crave them. Enjoy your favorite foods in moderation from time to time, be it a planned indulgence once in a while or a spontaneous bite of a favorite dessert. This is a realistic way of eating that you can keep up for the rest of your life.

EXERCISE, STRESS LESS, AND GET PLENTY OF SLEEP

As irresistible as my healthy recipes are, eating a nutritious diet alone is not enough to get your best body—you have to consider the big picture. It involves all the components of a healthy life: a healthy balance of exercise, plenty of sleep, stress relief, and fun.

Exercise is an important part of life, as staying fit and being active on a regular basis will not only help you lose weight and decrease your risk for a variety of diseases, but it will also boost your energy levels and improve your mood. It is also a great way to relieve stress. High levels of stress can wreak havoc on your body, so it’s also important to manage your stress levels. Unwind by doing some yoga, treating yourself to a massage or other spa treatment, playing with your kids, or even just listening to music. And don’t forget sleep! I function best after seven to nine hours a night, though everyone is different. When I’m well rested, I’m alert and ready to take on the new day. Figure out the amount of sleep you need to function at your best, and then make sure you get that amount each night.

Don’t Forget to Hydrate

Even mild dehydration can bring on fatigue and snack attacks. Aim for a daily goal of at least eight 8-ounce glasses of fluid, with most of that coming from water. Be wary of calorie-dense high-sugar teas, energy drinks, and juice. It takes just a few minutes to drink a few hundred calories, and you’ll still feel hungry when you’re done because your body doesn’t feel as full from drinking liquid as it does from eating food.

Lastly, don’t forget about the fun factor. You’re creating this amazing, healthy Skinny life for yourself—make sure you take full advantage of it. Take some time to think about what you enjoy, and then make a point to do one or more of those things each day.

A SKINNY KITCHEN MAKEOVER

Ready to get on the path to a healthier, leaner new you? Your first step is to give your fridge, freezer, and pantry a healthy makeover. Some of you might think you already have this all figured out, but I’m sure if I sneaked a peek at your pantry, I’d find at least a few hidden obstacles just waiting to trip you up. Use the strategies below to set up your kitchen for healthy eating success.

THE FRIDGE

keep it real

Your focus should be on health before weight. To accomplish this goal, stock your fridge with real ingredients—that means whole, unprocessed foods and no substituting eggs with liquid egg replacements or real bacon with turkey bacon. A little real and flavorful food goes a long way, so I keep it in moderation.

be choosy with cheese

Cheese is a stellar source of calcium and protein. For certain varieties—like mozzarella, Swiss, or cheddar—I don’t mind opting for reduced-fat. But for stronger flavored cheeses, such as sharp cheddar, Gorgonzola, and Romano, I stick with the real thing because I can use smaller quantities to get the same flavor hit. And I always have naturally lower-in-fat cheeses, such as Pecorino Romano or Parmigiano-Reggiano, in my fridge to boost the flavor in a variety of dishes.

toss light butters and vegetable spreads

You’re better off going for a dab of real or whipped butter instead of those highly processed spreads. I usually cook with healthy oils, but once in a while, butter is necessary. Cookies, crusts, and scones, for instance, often require butter; and for those occasions, I go for the real thing and simply use smaller amounts.

replace artificially sweetened yogurt

Stock up instead on plain, nonfat, or low-fat yogurt or Greek yogurt. You’d be surprised by how many low-calorie yogurts use artificial sweeteners to keep the calories down. Plain Greek yogurt doesn’t have any added sweeteners and it’s higher in protein. Sweeten it yourself with fresh fruit or a drizzle of honey.

give up nondairy creamers

Instead, use real dairy milk or soy- or nut-based milks. You might think you’re saving calories by using creamer in your coffee, but do you really need it? Most nondairy fat-free creamers are made with partially hydrogenated oils and a whole list of artificial ingredients. Stick to the real thing. If I want to flavor my coffee, I sprinkle in some ground cinnamon, cocoa powder, pumpkin spice, or vanilla extract.

dispose of store-bought salad dressings

Toss those bottled salad dressings (yes, even the low-fat ones) and make your own from scratch. It’s easy, tastes better, will save you money, and will put you in control over what you add to your recipe. (See Fabulous Main-Dish Salads for dressing recipes.)

toss the soda

Don’t drink your calories away! You can save hundreds of calories by simply swapping out soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages for water, seltzer, or sparkling water. Need a little flavor? Toss in some fruit, such as watermelon slices, berries, or lemon, lime, or orange wedges; or add some slices of cucumbers or fresh mint.

THE FREEZER

forgo frozen entrées

How about real home cooking instead of all those preservatives? Sure, it takes some extra time to prepare, but the health benefits are worth the effort—look for all my recipes with the tag and make your own healthier, freezer-friendly meals!

stock up on frozen fruits and vegetables

The problem with canned vegetables is that they tend to lose a lot of nutrients during the preservation process (notable exceptions include tomatoes and pumpkin). Frozen vegetables, on the other hand, may be even more healthful than some of the fresh produce sold in supermarkets because they are flash-frozen when they’re at their peak. Choose packages marked with a USDA “U.S. Fancy” shield, which designates produce of the best size, shape, and color. Vegetables of this standard also tend to be more nutrientrich than the lower grades “U.S. No. 1” or “U.S. No. 2.”

opt for better ice cream alternatives

Don’t break the calorie bank on full-fat ice creams. Instead, opt for nonfat frozen yogurt or sorbet. I love Stonyfield Organic Nonfat Frozen Yogurt. Or you can make your own healthier frozen treats: Try freezing ripe bananas to make a quick and healthy one-ingredient frozen treat in your food processor, or make your own popsicles with fresh fruit purees, or create a granita (see recipe).

THE PANTRY

replace white with whole grains

This one simple swap—replacing refined white bread, pasta, and rice with whole grains—will increase the amount of fiber and antioxidants you get each day. Plus, whole grains take longer to digest so they keep you feeling fuller, longer. Experiment with different varieties of rice and pastas or try some new grains, such as quinoa, farro, barley, bulgur, wheatberries, spelt, and more.

opt for healthy oils

Say hello to a variety of heart-healthy oils: Canola, olive, and peanut oils are all high in monounsaturated fats, while sunflower, soybean, and sesame oils are high in healthy polyunsaturated fats.

stock up on whole-grain cereals

Skip the sugary cereals and instead load up on a variety of fiber-rich whole-grain cereals. Go for oats and granola, or try using quinoa in place of your porridge.

buy beans and legumes

Dried or canned beans and legumes are not only econo

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