The Ultimate Guide to Pumpkin Recipes!! by Carla Hale [read books online]


  • Full Title : The Ultimate Guide to Pumpkin Recipes!! : Find the Quickest and Easiest Ways to Making Pumpkin Recipes in This Book!
  • Autor: Carla Hale
  • Print Length: 71 pages
  • Publisher: 
  • Publication Date: November 20, 2018
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: B07KR55ZKW
  • ISBN-13: 
  • Download File Format: epub

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Are you a pumpkin fan? Are you looking for pumpkin recipes? There are numerous benefits of pumpkin. It is a healthy vegetable. To take care of your health is not a tough task and there is one ingredient that you can add in your diet and see its wonders in your health’s improvement.

There are 30 pumpkin recipes in this book. All 30 pumpkin recipes produce wonderful results. Follow these yummy as well as healthy pumpkin recipes and become a pumpkin recipe chef in your home.

 

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written a number of history books, and one thing I try my best to do is either corroborate facts or dismiss them. This book is no different. There were several things often touted as “facts” in books or on websites, copied from website to website and even repeated in some books. If I could not find an original source, an old book or newspaper article, I usually discount it. If I could not verify it by census records or city directories, it may not have been true and I did not include it.

Since there are so many cities mentioned in Washington, I only specify the state if the city is not in Washington.

Also, remember that dollar amounts are from that time period: $5,000 in 1890 is $134,000 in today’s dollars. If you want to compare dollar values to today, this site is very useful: www.measuringworth.com/calculators/uscompare/relativevalue.php.

Special thanks goes to the Washington Beer Commission, Charles and Rose Ann Finkel, Mari and Will Kemper, Steve Acord and the many breweries and individuals who contributed information and photos for this project. All photos are credited.

And as always, thank you to my wonderful wife, Michelle (who was pregnant while I wrote); son, Gerlando; and my baby girl, Isabella. Michelle did a tremendous amount of research for the modern breweries that saved me hundreds of hours of work and could really be considered my co-author. I love you all more than these words express.

Stay hoppy, my friends!

Chapter 1

THE BEGINNING

When Beer Came to Washington

Temperance movement–minded people were constantly trying to have alcohol outlawed. In 1866, the Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., stated, “The intemperate use of beer is like the intemperate use of anything detrimental to health, but a moderate use of pure beer will aid digestion, quicken the powers of life, and give elasticity to the body and mind and will not produce any of the terrible results named by fanatics and ignorant people.”

We may not exactly know who built the first brewery in Washington State, but there were several pioneer brewers across the state who led the way. Most early breweries were attached to the homes of the owner and often were also saloons—not much different from today’s brewpubs.

One of those early pioneers in Washington was Henry Weinhard, who was born on February 18, 1830, in Lindenbronn, Württemberg, Germany. He moved to Stuttgart, Germany, where he became a brewer’s apprentice. Weinhard came to America in 1852, settled in the German-populated city of Cincinnati, Ohio, and worked in a brewery there for several years before moving to Portland, Oregon. He began working in John Meunch’s brewery near Fort Vancouver, “which catered primarily to the soldiers garrisoned there.” Weinhard lasted six months before heading back to Portland, where he partnered with brewer George Bottler. Weinhard went back to Vancouver in early 1857 and returned to work at Muench’s brewery. In 1859, Henry Weinhard purchased the brewery and renamed it Vancouver Brewery.

Emil Meyer was born in Germany in 1833. “He served in the U.S. Army, escorting immigrant wagon trains to Oregon. Meyer may have worked as an Army concessionaire to provide the troops at Fort Walla Walla with beer before 1859.” Just when Meyer started a brewery is not exactly known, but he and his neighbor, Joseph Hellmuth, advertised their breweries in the Walla Walla Statesman newspaper in 1861. In 1862, Meyer built City Brewery on Second Street.

John U. Hofstetter started a brewery in Fort Colville in about 1860 after leaving Oregon. The brewery suffered a major fire in 1873, so he moved the brewery to his homestead, where his Colville Brewery (1874) was erected. In 1878, he sold 126 barrels of beer and 186 barrels in 1879. In 1889, the town was incorporated, taking land from Hofstetter and another man, and Hofstetter became the first chairman of the council.

In 1862, Charles Wood, a cooper (someone who builds barrels), opened what is believed to be the first brewery in Olympia next to his cooper shop. He was said to have the first cream ale in the territory, and the Washington Standard newspaper reported, “We had the pleasure of examining this new feature of our town this week. The lager from this beer is pronounced to be the best quality.” He later sent hop roots to Jacob R. Meeker in Steilacoom, leading to the beginning of the hop business in Washington.

Brewers were important in their communities, from organizing churches and social organizations to helping fund public projects. A case in point was in June 1862, when brewer Joseph Hellmuth campaigned to organize a fire department and purchase the first fire engine in Walla Walla. “He raised $1,600 and contributed $500 himself toward purchase of a Hunneman ‘tub’ engine.”

Washington Brewery was manufacturing porter, beer and cream ale in Seattle before the spring of 1864. Started by A.B. Rabbeson & Company, Rabbeson was a businessman and involved in numerous enterprises, but his obituary does not mention a brewery. By 1865, the brewery had moved and was operated by McLoon & Sherman, until it sold it in 1872 to Stewart Crichton & Company, which renamed it Seattle Brewery. It would create Rainier Beer as early as 1878.

It was 1862 when Henry Weinhard, operating Vancouver Brewery since 1859, decided to return to Portland, Oregon. He purchased a brewery and in 1864 sold the Vancouver Brewery to Anton Young.

On February 1, 1865, Martin Schmieg and Joseph Butterfield announced their new brewery, the North Pacific Brewery, in Seattle. Butterfield later sold his share, and Schmieg partnered with Amos Brown. For a time, the Brown family lived on the second floor of the brewery. By 1867, they were advertising that they were manufacturing porter, ale and lager beer. Brown, born in New Hampshire in about 1835, was listed as a brewer in 1870, with his real estate valued at $7,525. That same year, John Locke was operating a distillery and brewery in Steilacoom.

On June 24, 1865, Ludwell J. Rector signed an agreement with Emil Meyer (of City Brewery) allowing Meyer the right to construct a mash mill on what today would be 345 South Second Avenue, Walla Walla, and use water from Robert’s Creek (Lincoln Creek) for the next five years. Meyer died in 1868 at the age of thirty-five. On June 4, 1870, A.B. Roberts sold Meyer’s water rights and a ten-foot alley to brewer Joseph Hellmuth.

John H. Stahl was born in 1825 in Germany. He was a sailor and employed as a ship’s carpenter. It is believed that he was in California during the gold rush, where he met his future wife. After marrying Catherine Rehorn, sometime after 1858, they moved to Canyon City, Oregon, where Catherine ran a grocery store and John opened City Brewery with Mr. Salori. In 1870, a “disastrous” fire, producing $275,000 in damages, struck Canyon City, Oregon. The City Brewery was destroyed, so the Stahl family packed up and moved to Walla Walla. There John Stahl purchased the former City Brewery of Emil Meyer. The brewery manufactured only steam beer until 1888, when it began brewing lager beer. The origin of steam beer is not fully known, but it is believed to be beer brewed with lager yeast without the use of refrigeration. The Stahl brewery was located across the street from Emil Meyer’s mill, and Joseph Hellmuth had a business interest in the Stahl property. John Stahl contracted tuberculosis in about 1872, and Catherine Stahl took over brewery operations. She successfully ran it for twelve years until her husband’s death in 1884. The brewery sold 851 barrels of beer in 1878 and 811 in 1879.

The year 1872 was the first that Puget Sound had a directory listing businesses, as well as their addresses and advertisements. J.C. and J.R. Wood, brewers in Olympia, sold 175 barrels of beer in 1878 and 24 in 1879.

In 1869, Gustav Joseph opened a brewery in Walla Walla, which he sold in 1872 to George Seisser. Jacob Betz, a German immigrant, arrived from San Francisco, California, as plant superintendent, purchased the brewery in 1875 and renamed it Star Brewery. The brewery sold 216 barrels of beer in 1878 and 222 barrels in 1879.

Morris H. Frost and Jacob D. Fowler, New York natives, were the founders of Mukilteo in about 1857. There are differing accounts as to who started the first brewery in Mukilteo, but Joseph Butterfield from Seattle may have been back in business as Joseph Butterfield & Company as early as 1867. Butterfield incorporated the Eagle Brewery, with a capacity of 500 barrels per year, in 1875, and the following year, he sold it to Frost & Fowler. There was a financial panic after one of the Northern Pacific Railroad’s financiers defaulted, and Frost & Fowler went into receivership. George Cantrini (various spellings) took over the Eagle Brewery in 1878 with partners Theodore H. Boehme and Herman Klausman. They sold 240 barrels of beer in 1878 and 432 barrels in 1879.

In 1870, Jacob Barth, forty-eight, from England, was a brewer in Mukilteo. The following year, Jacob Ripstein of Switzerland was a brewer in Mukilteo.

In about 1875, Slorah (Andrew) & King (A.H.) purchased Washington Brewery in Seattle from Stewart Crichton & Company. Slorah was born in 1841, and an 1877 article noted that “nothing stronger than Slorah & Co.’s beer” was allowed to be sold in Coupeville because it was low alcohol. King retired not long after, and Slorah continued the business. He sold 1,652 barrels of beer in 1878 and 1,111 barrels in 1879. He sold Superior Lager Beer, extra fine ale, porter and lager beer.

In about 1876, the partners at North Pacific Brewery in Seattle split when Amos Brown sold to Martin Schmieg, and shortly thereafter, Schmieg’s wife died. Schmieg went to Germany for a visit and left the brewery in the care of August Mehlhorn. Mehlhorn was born in Saxony, Germany, on March 20, 1842, and in 1867 he came to America and landed in Chicago, Illinois. In 1870, he moved to Gray’s Harbor and cut wood for a brewery. He moved to Seattle in 1873 and worked on farms. In 1875, he began driving a beer wagon for North Pacific Brewery.

After several months, Schmieg did not return from Germany, so Mehlhorn brought a judgment against the brewery for back wages. The sheriff put the brewery up for auction, and no bids came. He did so a second time, and Mehlhorn reluctantly purchased the brewery to satisfy his own judgment. He took Mr. Picht on as a partner, and Picht and Mehlhorn are listed as proprietors of the brewery in 1876. They manufactured steam beer, ale, porter and lager beer for eight years, selling 1,804 barrels in 1878 and 868 in 1879.

Wolf Schaefer started a brewery in Steilacoom in 1873. Schaefer and Dennis K. Howard became partners in 1878. Schaefer & Howard sold 1,810 barrels of beer in 1878 and 1,559 in 1879, making it the largest brewery in the state at the time.

In 1878, Peter Rumpf & Dunkel began business in Dayton and sold eighty-even barrels of beer that year. In 1879, it only sold sixty barrels.

Horses played a large role in the delivery of beer up until the early twentieth century. This photo with horses and a wagon with barrels for Angeles Brewery on Tumwater Creek shows how they would be delivered. Bert Kellogg Collection of the North Olympic Library System.

The Scholl brothers, Emil and Ernst, were running a brewery in Pomeroy in 1878. They had come from Germany before working for John H. Stahl at his brewery in Oregon, and then they moved with him to Walla Walla when he opened his new brewery. Columbia Brewery had no sales in 1878 but sold thirty-six barrels in 1879. It was in business until 1884, when they sold the brewery to John Rehorn, who closed it in 1892.

Anton Young’s Vancouver Brewery in Vancouver began delivering its “famous bottled lager beer” in mid-July 1879. Sales generally increased for the brewery, as it sold 218 barrels in 1878 and 243 in 1879.

On July 31, 1879, Louis Damphoffer, of the Columbia River Brewery, Vancouver, announced that he was “making an excellent quality of beer” and would deliver for free “bottled beer, or lager beer, in kegs.” That was his second year, and he sold thirty barrels, possibly making it the smallest brewery in the state.

THE HOP INDUSTRY: WASHINGTON’S CASH CROP

No story about Washington brewing history would be complete without a brief history of the hop industry. It became tremendously profitable in the 1800s and then again in the twenty-first century. It is an extremely important crop and an essential ingredient in beer. Ask a lover of a hoppy India pale ale, synonymous with the Northwest, and many could tell you the hop flavor they prefer.

Ezra Meeker was born in Ohio in 1830. In April 1852, Meeker, living in Iowa since he was nine, joined thousands making the trek to Oregon Territory. He and his family arrived five months later in Portland and began running a boardinghouse in St. Helens. They then moved to McNeil Island and then Fern Hill, south of Tacoma. They ran general stores and a farm, which was also a failure, so they moved to Puyallup Valley in 1862. In about March 1865, brewer Charles Wood of Olympia sent “three peck of hop roots” to Ezra’s father, Jacob R. Meeker, in Steilacoom. Ezra planted “six hills of hops,” and his father planted the rest. The following September, they harvested a bale of hops and sold it to Wood for $150. According to Ezra, “This was the beginning of the hop business in the Puyallup Valley, and the Territory of Washington.”

In 1869, his father died, and Ezra ended up meeting Henry Weinhard in Portland, Oregon. He told Ezra, “I want your hops next year” and said that they were the finest hops he had ever used. He purchased Ezra’s hops for fourteen years. Other farmers began to grow hops, and Meeker added to his fields for “twenty-six successive years” until there were more than five hundred acres, which produced four hundred tons per year. He developed techniques for curing and baling that produced “a hop that would compete with any product in the world.”

In 1882, there were crop failures across the world, and the Puyallup Valley crop sold for record prices. Meeker began exporting to England and opened an office there, selling about $500,000 per year—said to be the largest hop export business in the country. In 1892, hop lice struck the hop fields across the West Coast, and his crop sold for a fraction of what it usually did. Meeker quit the business—or, as he said, “the business quit me.” In later life, Meeker wrote books and worked to memorialize the Oregon Trail. He was also the first mayor of Puyallup.

Charles Carpenter was another farmer to plant hop rootstock. His family were hop farmers in New York, where hop farming became a major crop in about 1830. By 1849, “New York had attained the national leadership in the production of hops,” and “by the Civil War, nearly 90 percent of the total hop crop of the United States was raised in New York.”

Hops are an important component of beer, providing flavor and aroma, and Washington State produces 70 percent of the world’s hops. Ezra Meeker built a hops empire in western Washington, in the Puyallup Valley, beginning in 1865. Library of Congress.

Between 1868 and 1872, Carpenter moved west and planted hop root cuttings in Moxee. This was the beginning of the hop industry in Yakima Valley. The climate and soil in eastern Washington proved to be perfect for hop growing. By the early 1900s, New York had lost its crown as the hop leader, as Washington farms yielded more per acre. Prices fell, and many New York farmers changed crops. Hops from the Carpenter family are still grown in Washington. By 1930, Moxee City was known as the “hops capital of the world.”

There are three distinct growing areas in Washington: the Moxee Valley, the Yakama Indian Reservation and the Lower Yakima Valley. Hops were harvested by hand. Native American women and children often picked hops. “They would come in with horses. And they would stand on the backs of the horses and actually harvest hops by hand. They would pick berry by berry.” They would work the fields from sunrise to sunset.

Ezra Meeker spoke of using Indian labor: “They were of all conditions, the old and young, the blind and maimed, the workers and idlers, making a motley mess curious to look upon…[2,500 people] came into the Puyallup valley during the hop harvest of 1882.”

In 1992, worldwide hop acreage hit an all-time maximum at 236,067 acres, creating an excess of hops. Much of that was converted to hop extract, which lasts for years. As the cans of extract were sold off over the years, sometimes at a loss, hops prices stayed low. Farmers began converting their land to other crops or selling to developers. By 2006, worldwide hop acreage was down to 113,417 acres.

A series of events caused that to change. In 2006, a massive fire at the S.S. Steiner hop warehouse in Yakima and a poor crop yield in Europe in 2007 helped to create a worldwide hop shortage. Some hops rose 400 percent in cost, creating pressure on all breweries. Brewers like Rob Hall at Ice Harbor Brewing Company in Kennewick had to make changes to still produce beer: “You know, we kind of mess around. We think we can get some better flavors at a certain temperature and not have to use all the hops as we did before. And we want to save the company some money as well but still produce the best beer in the world.” The shortage created a boom in Yakima Valley farmlands, where 26 percent more hops were planted in the spring of 2008.

The American Hop Museum in Toppenish, south of Yakima, is the only museum in the country dedicated to the history of the hop plant. It has a lot of great old machinery, tap handles and history that pertains to beer; it is definitely worth the trip if you are in the area. Author’s collection.

In 2014, hop acreage was increased by 10 percent in the United States, but low yields led to record acreage in 2015. As of June 2015, Washington had 32,205 acres of hops strung for harvest. Together with Oregon and Idaho, this was a 16 percent increase in the number of acres from 2014. Washington’s hop farms accounted for 73 percent of the total acreage in the United States and 20 percent of the world’s hop production. There are two types of hops: aromatic varieties grown in Washington that provide good aroma, including Willamette, Cascade and Mount Hood; and alpha varieties grown in Washington that are used to extract bitterness, including Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, Nugget and Galena. In 2015, a drought emergency was declared by Washington’s governor that could affect the price of hops in the future.

Chapter 2

THE 1880s AND 1890s

The Territory Grows as the Century Ends

By 1880, there were twenty breweries operating in Washington; the largest, producing 1,559 barrels in 1879, was Schaefer & Howard in Steilacoom. Two interesting patterns come from this information. First off, Walla Walla had the most breweries of any city in the state, but the volume was not as high as that of Seattle. Also, it is unknown why there was a sharp drop in sales from 1878 to 1879 in almost every city across the state.

The City Brewery, owned by John and Catherine Stahl in Walla Walla, built a new brick brewery on the same site.

In 1881, Peter Rumpf, who was running a brewery with Mr. Dunkel in Dayton, took Jacob Weinhard on as a partner. Just two years later, Weinhard became sole owner of the brewery. Weinhard came to Dayton in 1880 after an apprenticeship with his uncle Henry Weinhard in Portland, Oregon.

Seattle purchased its second steam fire engine in July 1882. Shortly afterward, a fire broke out in August Mehlhorn’s brewery, and “No. 2 was put into action.” The engine proved to be too heavy for the incline on Columbia Street, and it ended up sliding downhill into the water. The brewery was dismantled after 1883, and Meh

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